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  • John M. Thurston, MD

Navigating the TMS Treatment Process: A Comprehensive Guide for Patients

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is an innovative treatment approach for various psychiatric and neurological conditions, including depression. Understanding the patient journey through TMS can help potential patients and their families prepare and anticipate the stages of this treatment. Here’s a detailed look at what to expect from consultation to post-treatment.

Initial Consultation

Assessing Suitability

The TMS journey begins with an initial consultation with a psychiatrist specializing in TMS therapy. During this meeting, the doctor assesses the patient's medical history, previous treatments, and overall suitability for TMS. Key considerations include contraindications such as having metal implants in the head or certain neurological disorders.

Discussing Expectations

Patients have the opportunity to discuss their expectations, concerns, and questions. It’s also a time when the practitioner outlines what TMS involves, potential side effects, and the likely outcomes of the therapy.


Pre-Treatment Testing

Before starting TMS, patients may undergo several tests, including psychiatric assessments and sometimes brain imaging studies. These tests help tailor the treatment to the individual's specific needs, enhancing the effectiveness and safety of the procedure.  

Prior Authorization

In most cases insurance will require a prior authorization to cover the cost of treatment.  This can be a dynamic process as each insurance has different criteria and can define “treatment resistant depression” differently.  Depending on insurance this process can take just a day or up to 3 weeks.


Patients then receive a schedule for their treatment sessions, which typically occur five days a week for 36 sessions. Each session lasts about 20-40 minutes.

The Treatment Sessions

A man sitting in a medical chair while a woman places a transcranial magnetic stimulation coil on his head in preparation for treatment.

The Setup

During each session, patients sit in a comfortable chair, and a treatment coil is placed near their head. The coil generates brief magnetic pulses, aimed at stimulating specific brain regions involved in mood regulation.

During Treatment

Patients are awake and alert throughout the session, experiencing a tapping sensation on the scalp. The procedure is non-invasive and generally well-tolerated, though some may feel mild discomfort or headache.

Monitoring Progress

Regular Assessments

Throughout the treatment course, the patient's response is closely monitored. Regular assessments help determine the effectiveness of the therapy and make adjustments if necessary.

Adjustments in Treatment

The intensity and location of stimulation may be adjusted based on the patient's progress and comfort levels.



After completing the TMS course, patients have follow-up appointments to assess long-term outcomes and discuss any further need for treatment. Some patients may require maintenance sessions.

Ongoing Support

Post-treatment support also includes lifestyle advice, possible medication adjustments, and psychological support to help maintain the benefits of TMS.


TMS is a promising treatment option with a structured and detailed patient journey. From the initial consultation through to post-treatment, each step is designed to maximize safety and effectiveness. Understanding this journey can help patients and their families navigate the process with confidence and clear expectations.

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